What is a Barbecue Smoker

If you’re a fan of slow-cooked food like smoky meats, then you may have heard of barbecue smokers. But what exactly is a barbecue smoker, and how does it differ from a regular BBQ grill?

Simply put, a barbecue smoker is a cooking device that uses low, indirect heat and smoke to slowly cook food over a period of several hours, thus ‘smoking’ meat, fish, cheese, and vegetables to perfection.

Unlike a traditional grill, which uses high, direct heat to quickly sear and cook food, a smoker is designed to create a ‘smoky’ environment that infuses the food with flavour while slowly breaking down tough cuts of meat to make them tender and juicy.

Smokers come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they all share a few key components. The first is a heat source, which can be anything from charcoal or wood to propane gas or electricity. The second is a smoke source, which can be generated by adding wood chips, wood chunks, or pellets to the heat source, or by using a dedicated smoker box.

There are four main types of barbecue smokers: offset smokers, vertical water smokers, cabinet smokers, and pellet smokers. Each type has its unique features, advantages, and disadvantages.

Offset Smokers

Offset smokers are traditional smokers that have a firebox attached to one side of the main chamber which allows for indirect cooking and smoke circulation. The heat and smoke from the firebox are drawn into the main chamber, cooking the meat slowly and evenly.

Offset smokers are popular among seasoned smokers for their versatility and ability to produce consistent heat and smoke, as they offer a high level of control over the cooking process and produce a classic, smoky flavour that is hard to beat. These smokers are also ideal for cooking larger tougher cuts of meat.

Offset Barbeque Smoker Diagram

What is a Barbecue Smoker: ‘Offset Smoker’ Diagram

Vertical Water Smokers

Vertical water smokers, also known as bullet smokers, are smaller, more affordable smokers that are popular among home smokers, as they are compact and easy to use. They consist of three sections: the firebox, the water pan, and the cooking chamber. The water pan is used to regulate the temperature and keep the meat moist during cooking.

However, vertical water smokers can be limited in terms of cooking capacity, as the tall, narrow design can make it difficult to fit larger cuts of meat or multiple items at once. Additionally, some people find that the water bowl can impart a slightly boiled or steamed flavour to the food, which may not be desirable for all types of barbecue.

These smokers are ideal though for beginners and are good for cooking chicken, ribs, and brisket.

Barbecue Smoker - Vertical Water Smoker

What is a Barbecue Smoker: Vertical Water Smoker or Bullet Smoker

Electric Smokers

Electric smokers are a modern, convenient option that is growing in popularity among barbecue enthusiasts. They consist of a chamber with a heating element, which is used to produce heat and smoke. Wood chips or pellets are added to the smoker to produce smoke and flavour.

One of the advantages of electric smokers is their ease of use. They can be set up quickly and require minimal attention during the cooking process. Many models come with digital controls and thermostats, which allow for precise temperature regulation.

Electric smokers are also a good option for people who live in areas where traditional wood or charcoal smokers may not be allowed due to environmental regulations.

However, some purists may argue that electric smokers don’t produce the same level of smoke flavour as traditional smokers, and they may not be suitable for larger cuts of meat or longer smoking sessions.

Pellet Smokers

Pellet smokers, also known as pellet grills, are a relatively new type of smoker that uses wood pellets as the fuel source to produce the smoke and heat. These smokers have a digital controller that allows you to set the temperature and cooking time. Pellet smokers are easy to use and are ideal for both beginners and experienced users.

It’s a great option for those who want a convenient way to smoke their meat without having to deal with the mess of charcoal or wood chips.

Barbeque Smoker - Pellet Grill

What is a Barbecue Smoker: Pellet Grill (Hopper Feed)

What is a Barbecue Smoker: How a BBQ Smoker Works

What is The Best Smoker For a Beginner?

If you are new to ‘smoking’ you will want to ensure good results as soon as possible no doubt. For the beginner, the vertical water smoker or bullet smoker is probably the easiest for wood smokers to start their journey into smoking.

The biggest advantage of the ‘vertical smoker’ over the ‘offset smoker’ for argument’s sake, is a ‘set it and forget it’ mentality. Once you have your fire set and ‘smoke’ wood is thrown into the firebox, the advantages of the smoker’s ‘water pan’ to help regulate the temperature and evenly distribute the heat and moisture are ideal for the beginner.

Offset smokers are much more hands-on for the beginner, with regular adjustments needed with things like the temperature of the smoke chamber, the drying out of the food, and ensuring even temperatures across the whole of the chamber can become problematic for the beginner.


How Long Does it Take to Smoke Meat?

The cooking time can vary depending on the type of meat and the smoker used. Typically, smoking meat can take anywhere from 4-12 hours

What is The Ideal Temperature For Smoking Meat?

The ideal temperature for smoking meat varies depending on the type of meat you’re cooking, but it generally ranges from 225°F to 275°F – (107°C to 135°C)

What Type of Wood Should I Use For Smoking Meat?

It depends on the type of meat, and the flavour you want to achieve. For example, hickory and mesquite are strong and bold, while apple and cherry are mild and fruity. Experiment with different types of wood to find your preferred taste.

How Often Should I Add Wood Chips to The Smoker?

It depends on the type of smoker and the cooking time. As a general rule, you should add wood chips every 30-60 minutes to maintain a consistent smoke level.

Can You Use a Barbecue Smoker For Other Types of Food?

Yes, barbecue smokers can be used to smoke vegetables, fish, and even cheese.


A barbecue smoker is an essential tool for anyone who loves the rich, smoky flavour of slow-cooked food. Whether you prefer charcoal, wood, electric, or gas, there is a smoker out there to suit your needs. With a little practice and patience, you can create mouth-watering, perfectly smoked meat and other foods that will have your taste buds dancing with joy. So fire up the smoker and get ready to enjoy the ultimate barbecue feast!