How to start beekeeping? If you’ve ever considered starting beekeeping, you’re in for a sweet treat. Not only does beekeeping provide you with an endless supply of honey, but it also helps support the pollination of plants and the environment. However, starting beekeeping can be intimidating, especially if you’re a beginner. But don’t worry, with the right knowledge and preparation, you can confidently start your hive.

Before you start beekeeping, it’s important to understand the basics of beekeeping. This includes learning about the different types of bees, their roles in the hive, and their life cycle. You’ll also need to learn about the equipment and tools that are necessary for beekeeping, as well as the different types of hives. Once you have a good understanding of beekeeping, you’ll be ready to start your hive.

How to Start Beekeeping: A One-Year Video Journey

Getting started with beekeeping involves a few key steps. First, you’ll need to choose the location for your hive and prepare the area. You’ll also need to order your bees and hive equipment and set up your hive. Once your hive is set up, you’ll need to regularly inspect and care for your bees. With patience and dedication, you’ll soon be on your way to becoming a successful beekeeper

Key Take Aways

  • Understanding the basics of beekeeping is crucial before starting your own hive.
  • Getting started with beekeeping involves choosing a location, ordering equipment and bees, and setting up and caring for your hive.
  • Beekeeping is a rewarding hobby that provides a steady supply of honey and supports the pollination of plants and the environment.

Understanding Beekeeping

Beekeeping is the practice of managing honeybees in a hive to harvest honey and other bee products. Here are some important things to know about beekeeping.

The Importance of Bees

Bees play a crucial role in pollinating plants, which is essential for the growth of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. According to the British Beekeepers Association, bees pollinate around 70 of the 100 crop species that feed 90% of the world. Without bees, our food supply would be seriously threatened.

Types of Bees

There are three types of bees in a honey bee colony: the queen, worker bees, and drones. The queen is the only bee that lays eggs, while the worker bees are responsible for gathering nectar, pollen, and water, and building and maintaining the hive. Drones are male bees whose sole purpose is to mate with the queen.

Queen Honey Bee On Honey Comb - How to Start Bee Keeping

How to Start Beekeeping: Queen Bee on a Honey Comb

©Ihor Hvozdetskyi/

Bee Anatomy

Honeybees have a unique anatomy that allows them to perform their tasks effectively. Their bodies are covered in tiny hairs that collect pollen, and their legs have special structures for carrying it. Bees also have two stomachs: one for digesting their food, and one for storing nectar that will be turned into honey.

How Bees Make Honey

Bees make honey by collecting nectar from flowers and storing it in their honey stomach. They then return to the hive and transfer the nectar to worker bees, who chew it and add enzymes to break down the sugars. The bees then spread the nectar onto the honeycomb, where it is evaporated and turned into honey.

Beekeeping is a fascinating and rewarding hobby that can also help support bee populations and honey production. By understanding the importance of bees, the types of bees in a colony, bee anatomy, and how bees make honey, you can begin to appreciate the complexity and wonder of these amazing insects.

Getting Started With Beekeeping

Starting beekeeping can be a rewarding and fascinating experience. But before you jump in, it’s important to understand what you’re getting into. Beekeeping requires some equipment, time, and space, but with the right preparation, it can be an enjoyable and fulfilling hobby. Here are some things to consider as you get started.

Choosing the Right Equipment

One of the first things you’ll need to do is choose the right beekeeping equipment. The most common type of hive is the Langstroth hive, but you may also want to consider a top-bar hive. Other essential equipment includes a bee brush, smoker, beekeeping gloves, and other beekeeping supplies. When selecting your equipment, it’s important to choose high-quality items that will last and keep your bees healthy.

Selecting the Right Location

The location of your beehive is critical to the success of your beekeeping venture. Maybe you have created a ‘garden for wildlife‘ oasis already and you can simply add a hive somewhere?

However, honey bees need plenty of sun and a source of water nearby. They also need to be in a location that won’t disturb your neighbours. If you’re planning on backyard beekeeping, make sure your hive is at least 10ft (3m) from your property line and facing away from your neighbours. You may also want to consider setting up a fence or other barrier to keep your bees from wandering too far.

Understanding the Time Commitment

Beekeeping requires a time commitment. You’ll need to inspect your hives regularly to make sure your bees are healthy and producing honey. In the spring and summer, you may need to inspect your hives every week or two. In the autumn and winter, you’ll need to check them less frequently. You’ll also need to spend time harvesting honey and preparing your hives for winter. Make sure you have enough time to commit to your bees before you get started.

Overall, beekeeping can be a fascinating and rewarding hobby. By choosing the right equipment, selecting the right location, and understanding the time commitment, you can get started on the right foot. With a little patience and dedication, you’ll be on your way to enjoying fresh honey from your backyard.

Caring for Your Bees

Once you have set up your hive and introduced your bees, it is important to take good care of them. This involves feeding them, monitoring their health, and protecting them from predators. Here are some tips on how to do this effectively.

Feeding Your Bees

Bees need a steady supply of food to survive and thrive. While they will forage for nectar and pollen on their own, you can supplement their diet by providing them with sugar syrup or fondant. This is especially important during the winter months when food sources may be scarce. You can use a feeder to provide the syrup or fondant, and make sure to refill it regularly.

Monitoring the Health of Your Bees

Regular inspections of your hive are essential to ensure the health of your bees. Look for signs of disease or pests, such as mites or wax moths. If you notice any issues, take action immediately to prevent them from spreading. You should also check that your bees have enough space to build comb and lay eggs and that the queen is laying enough eggs to maintain the colony.

Protecting Your Bees from Predators

Bees face many predators, including birds, mice, and other insects. To protect your bees, make sure your hive is secure and free from any gaps or cracks. You can also install a mouse guard to prevent mice from entering the hive. If you notice any predators around your hive, take action to remove them as soon as possible. You can also plant bee-friendly flowers and herbs around your hive to encourage pollination and deter predators.

Taking care of your bees is essential to ensuring the health and productivity of your colony. By providing them with food, monitoring their health, and protecting them from predators, you can help your bees thrive and produce delicious honey for years to come.

Building Your Hive

Starting your beehive is an exciting and rewarding experience. Building your hive is an essential first step in beekeeping. In this section, we will cover everything you need to know about choosing the right hive, setting up your hive, and maintaining your hive.

Choosing the Right Hive

Choosing the right hive is crucial to the success of your beekeeping venture. There are different types of hives available, including Langstroth, top bar, and observation hives.

Langstroth hives are the most common type of hive used by beekeepers. They consist of boxes that are stacked on top of each other, each containing frames where the bees build their comb and store honey.

Top bar hives are gaining popularity among beekeepers because of their simplicity and affordability. Observation hives are smaller and can be used to observe the bees’ behaviour without disturbing the colony.

When choosing a hive, consider your budget, the number of bees you plan to keep, and the type of beekeeping tasks you will be performing.

A ‘Langstroth’ Beehive

Langstroth Wooden Beehive - How to Start Bee Keeping

How to Start Beekeeping: Langstroth Wooden Beehive Ideal For Beginners

Setting Up Your Hive

Once you have chosen the right hive, it’s time to set it up. Make sure you have all the necessary equipment, including a hive tool, gloves, and a bee suit. Place your hive in a location that receives plenty of sunlight and is protected from the wind. Ensure that the hive is level and stable. Next, install the frames in the hive. The frames should be spaced evenly, and the foundation should be securely attached to the frame. Add the bees to the hive, making sure to follow the instructions provided by the supplier.

Maintaining Your Hive

Maintaining your hive is essential to the health and productivity of your bees. Regular inspections are necessary to ensure that the colony is healthy and thriving. During inspections, check for signs of disease, pests, and honey production. Keep the hive clean and free of debris.

Perform routine maintenance tasks, such as replacing old frames, adding supers, and harvesting honey. It’s also important to monitor the hive’s weight to ensure that the bees have enough food to survive the winter.

In conclusion, building your hive is an essential first step in beekeeping. Choosing the right hive, setting up your hive, and maintaining your hive are crucial to the success of your beekeeping venture. With the right equipment and knowledge, you can build a healthy and productive bee colony.

Harvesting Your Honey

As a beekeeper, harvesting honey is one of the most exciting and rewarding parts of the process. Here are some tips on when to harvest, how to harvest, and storing your honey.

When to Harvest

The best time to harvest honey is in the springtime when the bees have collected nectar from blooming flowers. You should wait until at least 90% of the honeycomb cells are capped off by nurse bees (young workers) before extracting the honey. This ensures that the moisture level is perfect for sealing off the cells and preserving the honey.

How to Harvest

Before harvesting, make sure to clean all the parts of the hive to ensure they are free from wax and honey residue. This will give you more space to store more honey later on. You should also prepare the right equipment, such as your bee suit, smoker, and honey extractor before you open the hive.

To harvest the honey, use a honey extractor to spin the honey out of the comb. This will remove the honey without damaging the comb, which can be reused by the bees. Once you have extracted the honey, strain it through a cheesecloth to remove any impurities.

Storing Your Honey

After harvesting your honey, it is important to store it properly to ensure its quality and freshness. Store your honey in a cool, dry place in airtight containers, such as glass jars or plastic containers. This will prevent moisture and air from getting in and spoiling the honey.

Honey stores well and does not spoil, but it may crystallise over time. To prevent this, store your honey at temperatures between 50/70°F (10°C/21°C). If your honey does crystallise, simply place the container in warm water until the crystals dissolve.

Overall, harvesting honey is a fun and rewarding experience for beekeepers. By following these tips, you can ensure that your honey is of the highest quality and freshness.

Becoming Part of the Beekeeping Community

Starting your journey as a beekeeper is exciting and rewarding, but it can also be challenging. One of the best ways to overcome these challenges is by becoming part of the beekeeping community. Here are some ways to get involved.

Joining a Local Beekeeping Association

Joining a local beekeeping association is a great way to learn from experienced beekeepers and connect with other beekeeping enthusiasts in your area. These associations often offer classes, workshops, and mentorship programs that can help you get started and improve your skills.

Attending meetings and events hosted by your local beekeeping association can also help you stay up-to-date on the latest trends and best practices in the industry. You can also network with other beekeepers and share tips and advice.

Sharing Your Experience

As you gain more experience as a beekeeper, you can also share your knowledge with others in the community. This can be done by giving talks or presentations at local events or hosting workshops for beginners.

You can also share your experience by mentoring new beekeepers or volunteering with local schools or community organisations. This can help spread awareness about the importance of bees and pollination and inspire others to take up beekeeping as a hobby or profession.

By becoming part of the beekeeping community, you can gain valuable insights and support that can help you overcome challenges and achieve success as a beekeeper. So, don’t hesitate to get involved and start making a difference in your community today.

Dealing With Challenges

Beekeeping is a rewarding and enjoyable hobby, but it is not without its challenges. In this section, we will discuss some of the common challenges you may face as a beekeeper and how to address them.

Handling Bee Stings

One of the most common concerns for new beekeepers is the risk of bee stings. While bee stings can be painful, they are usually not serious unless you are allergic to bee venom. If you are allergic to bee stings, it is important to always carry an epinephrine auto-injector with you and to seek medical attention immediately if you are stung.

To reduce the risk of bee stings, it is important to wear protective clothing when working with your bees. This includes a bee suit, gloves, and a veil. It is also important to work calmly and slowly when handling your bees, as sudden movements can agitate them and increase the risk of stings.

Understanding Local Laws and Regulations

Before you start beekeeping, it is important to understand the local laws and regulations regarding beekeeping in your area. Zoning laws may restrict the number of hives you can keep, and some areas may require permits or inspections.

It is also important to be aware of any environmental concerns related to beekeeping in your area. Some species of bees, such as the invasive Africanised honeybee, can pose a threat to native bee populations and may be prohibited in certain areas.

Addressing Environmental Concerns

Beekeeping can have both positive and negative impacts on the environment. On the positive side, bees are important pollinators and can help to increase crop yields. However, beekeeping can also contribute to the spread of diseases and parasites among bee populations.

To address environmental concerns related to beekeeping, it is important to practice good hive management techniques. This includes regular inspections to check for signs of disease or pests, and using treatments only when necessary to avoid the development of resistance.

Overall, beekeeping can be a challenging but rewarding hobby. By taking the necessary precautions and following best practices, you can minimise the risks and maximise the benefits of beekeeping in your area.

Further Learning and Resources

If you’re serious about beekeeping, there is always more to learn. Fortunately, there is a wealth of resources available to help you improve your knowledge and skills. Here are some recommended beekeeping books, online resources and videos to help you take your beekeeping to the next level.

Many great books on beekeeping can help you deepen your understanding of the craft. Here are some of the best.

These books cover everything from the basics of beekeeping to more advanced topics like queen rearing and honey processing. They are all well-written and easy to understand, making them perfect for both beginners and experienced beekeepers.

Online Resources

The internet is a great place to find information on beekeeping. Here are some online resources that you might find helpful:

  • The British Beekeepers Association (BBKA) website – the BBKA is the leading organisation representing beekeepers in the UK. Their website is full of useful information on beekeeping, including guides for beginners and a directory of local beekeeping associations.
  • The Beekeeping Forum – a friendly and helpful online community of beekeepers from around the world. The forum is a great place to ask questions, share advice and connect with other beekeepers.
  • The Honey Bee Suite – a popular beekeeping blog run by Rusty Burlew. The blog covers a wide range of beekeeping topics, from hive management to honey extraction.


Watching videos can also be a great way to learn about beekeeping. Here are some YouTube channels that you might find helpful:

  • The Norfolk Honey Company – is a UK-based beekeeping company that produces high-quality honey and beekeeping equipment. Their YouTube channel includes a range of informative videos on beekeeping topics.
  • Beekeeping with Maddie – a YouTube channel run by Maddie, a young beekeeper from the US. Maddie’s videos are fun and engaging and cover a wide range of beekeeping topics.
  • The University of Guelph Honey Bee Research Centre – the Honey Bee Research Centre is a leading institution for beekeeping research in Canada. Their YouTube channel includes a range of informative videos on beekeeping topics, including hive management and pest control.

By taking advantage of all these resources, you can deepen your knowledge of beekeeping and become a more confident and knowledgeable beekeeper.

Bee Glossary

ApiaristA person who keeps bees for their honey and other products.
BeekeeperA person who keeps bees for their honey and other products.
Bee YardA location where beehives are kept.
ColonyA group of bees living together in a hive or other structure.
Hive ToolA tool used by beekeepers to pry apart hive components and scrape away excess propolis and wax.
Bee BrushA soft-bristled brush used by beekeepers to gently brush bees off of frames and other hive components.
Bee BreadA mixture of pollen and honey is stored by bees in comb cells and used as a food source for developing broods.
Bee SuitProtective clothing worn by beekeepers to prevent bee stings.
Brood NestThe area of a beehive where the queen lays eggs and the bees raise brood.
Bottom BoardThe bottom of a beehive on which the frames rest.
CombA valve is used to control the flow of honey from an extractor or honey tank.
DroneA male bee that is larger than a worker bee and has no stinger.
ExtractorThe hexagonal cells are made of wax in which bees store honey, pollen, and brood.
FoundationA machine used to extract honey from the honeycomb
FrameA wooden or plastic structure that holds the comb in a beehive.
HoneycombA structure of hexagonal cells made of wax, in which bees store honey, pollen, and brood.
Honey GateA container is used to store honey after it has been extracted from the comb.
Honey TankA mixture of pollen and honey that is stored by bees in comb cells and used as a food source for developing broods.
Inner CoverA flat board that sits on top of the uppermost box in a beehive.
Outer CoverA protective cover that fits over the top of a beehive.
PropolisA resinous substance collected by bees from trees and used to seal cracks and gaps in the hive.
Pollen TrapA device used by beekeepers to collect pollen from bees as they enter the hive.
SmokerA device used by beekeepers to calm bees by puffing smoke into the hive.
QueenThin sheets of beeswax or plastic that are embossed with the hexagonal shape of comb cells. The foundation is used by bees to build comb.
Royal JellyA secretion produced by the glands of young worker bees and fed to queen larvae, which enables them to develop into reproductive females.
SwarmA group of bees that leave the hive with a queen to establish a new colony.
Varroa MiteA parasitic mite that feeds on the blood of honey bees and can weaken or kill entire colonies. 
Wax MothA moth that can infest beehives and feed on wax and honeycomb, causing damage to the hive.
Worker BeeThe reproductive female bee in a colony, is responsible for laying eggs and maintaining the hive’s population.


What Are The Start-up Costs For Beekeeping?

Start-up costs for beekeeping vary depending on the equipment and the number of hives you want to start with. Expect to spend around £400-£500 per hive, including the cost of bees.

What Equipment Do I Need to Start Beekeeping?

To start beekeeping, you will need a few essential pieces of equipment, including a hive, frames, foundation, a smoker, a hive tool, and protective gear such as a bee suit, gloves, and a veil.

When is The Best Time to Start Beekeeping?

The best time to start beekeeping is in the spring, typically around April or May when the weather is warm and the flowers are blooming. This will give your bees the best chance of building up their colony and producing honey.

Is Beekeeping an Expensive Hobby?

Beekeeping can be an expensive hobby, especially when you are first starting out and need to purchase all of the necessary equipment. However, once you have established your hives, the ongoing costs are relatively low, and you can even make a profit by selling honey and other bee products.

Where Can I Find Beekeeping Courses Near Me?

You can find beekeeping courses near you by contacting your local beekeeping association or searching online for beekeeping courses in your area. Many associations offer beginner courses that cover the basics of beekeeping and provide hands-on experience.

How Many Bees Should I Start With?

It is recommended that you start with at least two hives, each containing around 10,000 bees. This will give you a better chance of success and allow you to compare the progress of each hive


In conclusion, starting beekeeping can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for beginners. With proper research, equipment, and management, anyone can successfully keep bees and harvest their honey. It is important to consider the location of the hive, the type of bees, and the necessary safety precautions before starting. By following step-by-step guides and seeking advice from experienced beekeepers, beginners can confidently embark on their beekeeping journey.